US Water Use to Reach 138 Trillion Gallons in 2022


Cleveland, OH, April 9, 2017 — US water use is forecast to reach 138 trillion gallons in 2022, according to Water: United States, a report recently released by Freedonia Focus Reports. An expected uptick in overall electricity generation will spur water use by utilities. Expanding manufacturing and mining activity and growth in the population are also expected to support increases in water use. However, faster gains will be curbed by ongoing water conservation efforts.

US water withdrawal is forecast to total 122 trillion gallons in 2022. Agriculture will continue to represent a major market for water withdrawal. Although planted crop acreage in the US is expected to rise slightly over the forecast period, the adoption of technologies that allow farmers to maintain or increase production levels with less water will continue.

These and other key insights are featured in Water: United States. This report forecasts to 2022 US water use and water withdrawal in gallons. Total water use is segmented by market in terms of:

  • utilities
  • manufacturing and mining
  • municipal

For the purposes of this report, water use encompasses water withdrawals from surface and groundwater sources, and includes reclaimed wastewater. Trends and forecasts related to water use apply to water that has been treated to some appreciable degree and do not include water used in agricultural applications. Water withdrawal totals refer to water from surface and groundwater sources, excluding reclaimed wastewater. The municipal segment excludes water withdrawn from wells on residential properties.

Total water withdrawal is segmented by market as follows:

  • agriculture
  • other markets such as utilities and manufacturing

To illustrate historical trends, water use, water withdrawal, and the various segments are provided in annual series from 2007 to 2017.

More information about the report is available at